India, Mother of Civilizations (Hindu – Mayan Relations)
History says it was Christopher Columbus who landed first in America. When Columbus landed in America he found a group of tribal people, whom he considered as the Indians as he was unfortunately believing that the land he landed upon was India. He called them as the Indians.
But who where they? Where did they come from? Have any ships sailed across the Atlantic before the Columbus?
A series of archeological and linguistic researches have been carried out by many scientists across the world to explore the early life of America. These researches put out many shocking relationships between the Ancient Mayan Civilization and South Indian Civilization in terms of their tradition, culture, religion, worship, language, architecture and astronomy.
Dr Baron Robert Freiherr von Heine Geldern (1885 – 1968) and Gordon F. Ekholm (1909 – 1987) World’s leading anthropologists, have said:
“Ships of size that carried Fa-Hien (399-414 AD) from India to China (through stormy China water) were certainly capable of proceeding all the way to Mexico and Peru by crossing the Pacific. One thousand years before the birth of Columbus Indian ships were far superior to any made in Europe up to the 18th century.”
Right from the period of first Spanish historian Mr. Fray Shahaun (1515 AD) till today a number of scholars have worked over the life of native Americans and some of them came to the conclusion that in ancient times people from India and the Indian archipelago migrated to America and developed a great civilization there. In his book ‘A Compact History of Mexico’ Mr. Ignacio Bernall states that people from Asia entered America some thirty-five thousand years before, whereas Mr. Arcio Nuns, a Brazilian nuclear scientist, mentions about the Dravidians of Asia with America as old as eleven thousand years.
Sylvain Levi (1863-1935) French scholar and Orientalist who wrote on Eastern religion, literature, and history. Levi was appointed a lecturer at the school of higher studies in Paris (1886), he taught Sanskrit at the Sorbonne (1889-94) and wrote his doctoral dissertation, Le Théâtre indien (“The Indian Theatre”).
In L’Inde et le monde (“India and the World”), he discussed India’s role among nations. He writes:
“From Persia to the Chinese Sea, from the icy regions of Siberia to the islands of Java and Borneo, from Oceania to Socotra, India has propagated her beliefs, her tales and her civilization. She has left indelible imprints on one-fourth of the human race in the course of a long succession of centuries.”
“She has the right to reclaim in universal history the rank that ignorance has refused her for a long time and to hold her place amongst the great nations summarizing and symbolizing the spirit of Humanity.”
With great zeal Indian historians pointed out that, in the past, Hindu civilization had extended far beyond the present boundaries of India. It had included not only Southeast Asia but extended as far as Indonesia (Bali and Java), the Philippines and perhaps it has influence even to South America, is something the world may have to think again, with the strong evidences emerging with time.
The question arises whether the ancient Hindus of Indonesia had contact with Mayan civilization across the pacific which is evident from the pyramid constructions in Indonesia very similar to that of the Mayans.
The strongest, and indeed a hard piece of evidence established for trans-Pacific contact is the use of a particular technique for the manufacture of bark paper, common to China, Southeast Asia, Indonesia and Mesoamerica.
Michael Coe, in his book says that knowledge of this paper-making method “was diffused from eastern Indonesia to Mesoamerica at a very early date.” He further argues that since bark paper was used to make books, information may have been exchanged between Pacific and Mesoamerican peoples.